Caleb didn’t have an evil heart of unbelief, but was a man fully convinced in the LORD. Numbers 14:24 says, “But My servant Caleb, because he has a different spirit in him and has followed Me fully, I will bring into the land where he went, and his descendants shall inherit it.” Faith in God causes you to think different and act different. Caleb was ready to engage the enemy regardless of how big and numerous they were; he believed God would cause them to win. Real faith doesn’t complain and look for an easy way; real faith is bold.
Psalms 90:12 says, “So teach us to number our days, That we may gain a heart of wisdom.” Wisdom comes when we live for the age to come, when we can rejoice in the injustices done to us because our reward is great in heaven.
Psalms 78:25-32 recounts what happens in Numbers 11; it says, “Men ate angels' food; He sent them food to the full. 26) He caused an east wind to blow in the heavens; And by His power He brought in the south wind. 27) He also rained meat on them like the dust, Feathered fowl like the sand of the seas; 28) And He let them fall in the midst of their camp, All around their dwellings. 29) So they ate and were well filled, For He gave them their own desire. 30) They were not deprived of their craving; But while their food was still in their mouths, 31) The wrath of God came against them, And slew the stoutest of them, And struck down the choice men of Israel. 32) In spite of this they still sinned, And did not believe in His wondrous works.”
The judgment sounds severe for asking for meat to eat, but Psalm 78:32 describes the real problem. They continued in sin and refused to believe God’s wondrous works.
It was dangerous for Aaron and Miriam to look at the faults or supposed faults of leadership (Moses) and allow that to cause them to lose honor for him. We should honor everyone for who they are; we are to honor everyone with God’s love, and honor leadership as leadership. David didn’t honor King Saul based on how nice he was or his lack of faults, but he honored him according to who God made him, “the anointed of the LORD.”
All 12 spies saw the same thing on the outside, but Joshua and Caleb saw something completely different on the inside. Circumstances are not our problem; seeing things without faith is the problem.
Numbers 9:6-10 "Now there were certain men who were defiled by a human corpse, so that they could not keep the Passover on that day; and they came before Moses and Aaron that day. 7) And those men said to him, "We became defiled by a human corpse. Why are we kept from presenting the offering of the LORD at its appointed time among the children of Israel?" 8) And Moses said to them, "Stand still, that I may hear what the LORD will command concerning you." 9) Then the LORD spoke to Moses, saying, 10) "Speak to the children of Israel, saying: 'If anyone of you or your posterity is unclean because of a corpse, or is far away on a journey, he may still keep the LORD's Passover."
This is a picture of “who” can come to Jesus for forgiveness and have death “Passover” them because of His blood. Those who were defiled and unclean didn’t need to clean themselves up or wait till they were good enough; they were free to come and receive of the Passover. Verse 10 says that even those that are “far away” can keep the Passover. Everyone who is unclean or far from the Lord can come to Him: whoever will call upon the Lord shall be saved.
To learn more about the Nazirite vow, here is a message preached on the subject:
In Numbers 6:22-27 God taught how the priests would put the blessing of the LORD on all the people. God’s principles have not changed; we need to speak, decree, and proclaim God’s blessing into people.
There is more that could be said here, but let me just give a very basic overview of what God wanted said to the people.
Reading through these lists gives further proof that the history recorded in the Bible is not paraphrased after-thoughts from someone, but the facts are well documented and carefully preserved. Even though you may not remember all the numbers and names recorded in chapters 1-4, keep in mind 2 Timothy 3:16: “All Scripture is given by inspiration of God, and is profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for instruction in righteousness.” All of God's Word will build faith in us as we read and meditate on it.
God’s desire is to bless us and give us peace in our land. When we walk in the ways of His Word, we can’t help but be blessed. If we understand that He loves us with an “everlasting love” (Jeremiah. 31:3), then we will see that even His judgments come in love to wake up as many people as possible before it is too late.
In Leviticus 25 the LORD tells them every 50 years they will have a Jubilee. The word “Jubilee” simply means a long blast of the horn, but the meaning of the year had a much deeper meaning. In the year of Jubilee slaves went free and whatever land you lost through poverty, you received back.
Isaiah prophesied the deeper meaning of the Jubilee in Isaiah 61:1-2:
"The Spirit of the Lord GOD is upon Me, Because the LORD has anointed Me To preach good tidings to the poor; He has sent Me to heal the brokenhearted, To proclaim liberty to the captives, And the opening of the prison to those who are bound; 2) To proclaim the acceptable year of the LORD, And the day of vengeance of our God; To comfort all who mourn"
All these realities of the Jubilee are accomplished in Jesus Christ. That is why He read from these Scriptures (Luke 4:18-19) then He said in Luke4:21, "Today this Scripture is fulfilled in your hearing."
Jesus came to “proclaim the acceptable year of the LORD;” this is the year of Jubilee!
I thought Leviticus 22:32 was interesting because of how Jesus taught us to pray in Matthew 6:9… “In this manner, therefore, pray: Our Father in heaven, Hallowed be Your name.”
Leviticus 22:32 says, “You shall not profane My holy name, but I will be hallowed among the children of Israel. I am the LORD who sanctifies you.”
First He says not to “profane My name.” To profane His name means to make it common, or in other words not to treat it with the honor it deserves. He goes on to say, “I will be hallowed.” Hallowed means to sanctify, or set apart, or in other words it means to set His name apart in honor and glory. We need to set apart His name in honor on a daily basis with our thoughts, actions, and words. He finishes the verse with why we should hallow His name; it’s because he sanctifies or hallows us. The word “hallowed” and “sanctifies” in verse 32 is the same Hebrew word. He sets us apart; we are no longer common or unclean. He sets apart from commonness and uncleanness and has brought us to Himself to be our God, so we should never treat God and His commands as common.
To quote the writer of Hebrews; “time would fail me” if I was to write a full expose on the LORD’S Feasts. That’s just referring to what I know; there is much more revelation to be gained from these Feast. Since this is a blog and not a book, let me take this brief time to make just a few points on the chapter.
These feasts are types and foreshadows of Jesus Christ; what He has done and what He will accomplish on the earth. There are 7 feasts that happen in 3 sets. They also retell historical events. The first set of 3 feasts happen at the first fruits of the barley harvest. The 4th feast of Pentecost happens at the first fruits of the wheat harvest. The last set of 3 Feasts happens at the end of harvest time.
Here is a brief summary of only the historical significance of the Feasts
Set One (Spring Feasts)
- Brought out of Egypt after death angle had to pass over them
2. Unleavened Bread
- Left Egypt so quick that bread could not rise
3. First Fruits
- They brought the first of the Barley harvest to the LORD
Two (Summer Feast) 50 days from Passover
- God came down in Fire on Mount Sinai and gave them His commands
Set Three (Fall Feasts)
- “Memorial” of blowing the trumpets. New Year on their civil calendar.
6. Day of Atonement
- High Priest would go into the Holy of Holies only to make atonement for the people.
- They lived in tabernacles (tents, or called booths) for seven day remembering how they lived in tents when the LORD brought them from Egypt
I won’t take time right now to talk about the Feasts prophetic significance in Jesus Christ or how it relates to our life, but there is much to be learned from these appointments made by God.
God forbid His people from eating any blood (Lev. 17:10) “For the life of the flesh is in the blood” (vrs. 11), and He gave it to make atonement. As with much of the Law, this had a dual purpose. First, it was so His people would give proper respect to the blood of every living creature. The people were atoned of their sin by animal sacrifice and the sin of the world was paid for by the blood Jesus shed. Second, it’s not healthy to eat blood. Today kosher meat is meticulously prepared by draining, cutting and then the meat is “salted” to draw out more blood from the meat and then it is rinsed.
It is important to remember our righteousness comes through faith in Christ and not by obeying the Law, but it would do us well to apply the wisdom that the Law contains. What if society obeyed Leviticus 19:32 “‘you shall rise before the gray headed and honor the presence of an old man, and fear your God: I am the LORD.” This one principle could greatly change this nation.
The LORD said in, Leviticus 19:2 "Speak to all the congregation of the children of Israel, and say to them: 'You shall be holy, for I the LORD your God am holy.” In Leviticus 20:26 He goes on to say why; “And you shall be holy to Me, for I the LORD am holy, and have separated you from the peoples, that you should be Mine.” He loves us with a jealous love; why would we want to “belong” to anything else.
Please comment on anything that you would like from the readings.
If God created everything than we would expect He would know what would be best for people to eat and what would be good practices for them to remain healthy. As you read through the laws that kept someone “clean” it proves God’s authorship of the Bible when we match it up to today’s science. Only in very recent history did we begin to learn about germs; practicing God’s Law was the best way to be free from germs and infections. “Bleeding” people was still practiced up until the late 19 century; now doctors know that this is an ineffective way to treat sickness. If people would have read Leviticus 17:11 they would have known not to “bleed” people. It says, “For the life of the flesh is in the blood.” People thought the world was flat up until recent history, but the prophet Isaiah already told us it was round. It says, “It is He who sits above the circle of the earth, And its inhabitants are like grasshoppers…” All of God’s laws have purpose. Our righteousness comes by faith in Jesus Christ alone and not by what we eat or how we wash our external body, but it is still wise to obey God’s principles.
Read through the Bible with us in 2012! The reading plan can be downloaded below; we are reading in chronological order. Check back often to read the blog posts on the Bible readings and discuss things in the "comments" section.
2012 Bible Plan